Permanent Dentures: Advantages & Disadvantages

August 22, 2017

A quick search online on ‘Permanent dentures’ and you’ll find a plenty of definitions of what they are and how do they work. Generally, this term is not used by dentists as such it can be difficult to write down an exact answer. “Permanent” can be used to imply a treatment that is not “temporary” or alternatively can be used to mean fixed in the mouth.

 

When a teeth is extracted, it is replaced with immediate dentures. A waiting period is generally needed before going for a permanent treatment, such as a bridge or an implant can be done. In this post, we will focus on permanent dentures as those that are more-or-less fixed into the mouth by means of dental implants.

 

What are permanent dentures?

 

Permanent dentures are made when a patient’s teeth have been extracted and gums have healed from the surgery. The healing process generally takes 6-8 weeks before permanent dentures can be made so that they best match the fit of your mouth. A large number of people prefer the appearance of permanent dentures as they look more realistic. Also, the teeth on permanent dentures have a tendency to be sharper, making chewing food much  easier.

 

Types of permanent dentures:

 

  • Full Dentures
  • Partial Dentures
  • Permanent Dental Bridges
  • Implant Supported Dentures
  • Full Dentures or Partial Dentures

Depending on the teeth that need to be extracted or the level of tooth loss, a dentist may advise a patient to get full dentures or partial dentures. Partial dentures are perfect for a person who has a few teeth missing. The existing teeth will be used to support the denture for the missing teeth.

However, if a person has lost all teeth and needs for them to be removed as a result of poor dental care or an accident, then full dentures are the best option. This is when a mould of your mouth is taken and a full set of dentures is produced from that mould. The patient usually wears a temporary denture immediately after the tooth loss to keep the shape of the mouth and then get the permanent dentures at a later appointment.

  • Permanent Dental Bridges

When two teeth are used to support the crown or set of dentures, then permanent dental bridges are used. These bridges act as an anchor for the new tooth that bridges the gap. If required, protective crown will be placed over the neighboring teeth. These type of dentures are beneficial for those who has several missing or damaged teeth but not enough to require a full denture.

  • Implant Supported Dentures

Regular dentures rest on the gums, implant retained dentures or implant supported dentures are a type of fixed dentures where the dental prosthetics – the dentures are fitted to dental implants in the jaw. These are the most durable form of dentures. Dental implants are placed in the jawbone, there can be anything from 2,4, or 6 implants upwards that will secure the fixture in place.

Pros and cons of permanent dentures:

 

Referring to false teeth, held in place by implants, here are some general pros of cons of permanent dentures:

 

  • If compared with the traditional plates, the permanent dentures are much more stable. Usually, the wearer is confident with them finding them much more acceptable and easier to wear. This especially goes for the bottom full prostheses which are usually the most unstable, here even two implants can make a huge difference.
  • As compared to conventional implants, these dentures involves shorter surgery and healing times as well as less invasive procedure and post-op discomfort;
  • It delivers more even distribution of biting force.
  • They are robust and long lasting.
  • As compared to removable dentures, patients using fixed dentures can eat food and speak more comfortably.
  • There is no need to remove for cleaning- hassle-free maintenance.
  • Minimal number of dental implants required.
  • It also supports facial features, giving patients a more youthful, natural look.
  • Gives optimum comfort as they fit better than removable dentures. It can be customised to fit the patient’s mouth precisely.

 

Considerations for Wearing Dentures

 

Getting implants to maintain dentures is an expensive procedure as these are not the most affordable dentures. Although, permanent dentures are a relatively safe, it does involve a surgical process. They may also be prone to inflammation and infection. However, with regular dental appointments and proper cleaning, most patients won’t experience any infection, dental ailments or inflammation. Furthermore, permanent dentures can be bit more  expensive including the surgery and prosthetic crown/arch replacement. Well! In the long run the benefits far outweigh the costs when compared to removal dentures.

 

If you are planning to get permanent dentures, it is a good idea to discuss the procedure in detail with a qualified and skilled cosmetic dentist, so that you are making an informed decision.

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