Worried about hyperpigmentation treatment?
Well, first of all, you need to know the fundamental reason for this hyperpigmentation. Evaluate what caused this problem for you to reach to the solution of the problem.
The Hyperpigmentation is a condition in which the patches of skin become darker in color than the surrounding skin due to the production of excess melanin. The age spots, sun spots, freckles, liver spots, etc. all are the types of the hyperpigmentation.
The excess of melanin produced by the melanocyte cells gets deposited to make the skin look patchy. Usually, the face, arms, and hands experience the hyperpigmentation more than the other body parts. Read along to know the significant causes!
Major Causes of Hyperpigmentation
There are ample of reasons resulting in hyperpigmentation, but we have tried jotting down the most common causes for you.
Inflammation caused by sunlight
Tanning is cool, but it might not turn well for all of us. When our skin is exposed to the ultraviolet rays, an inflammatory response takes place. And when this inflammation level is high, inflammatory mediators are produced. The melanocytes are activated as a result, and thereby the melanin production begins.
Our skin has a system of its own to cope up with the damages and injuries. Whenever the skin damage takes place, an excess of melanin production happens as an inflammatory reaction.
Also, at times the skin damage results in non-regeneration of the skin pigments. In the absence of the skin pigments, darker pigments get generated to add on to hyperpigmentation.
Some medicines cause hormonal changes in our bodies that may result in activation of the melanocytic cells leading to the issue of hyperpigmentation. A few of them are antibiotics, hormone medication, topical retinoids, non-steroidal drugs, etc.
Hyperpigmentation is seen at the time of pregnancy or after having the birth control pills. The reason is the rise in estrogen and progesterone levels in the body. This condition is called as melasma. It may be a short lived issue but not always.
Hyperpigmentation is sometimes a genetic problem. It might even skip some generations, but the chances of your getting prone to it are more if someone from your family lineage is having this issue. It is in the DNA, and one can only take a few precautionary steps.
Improper Hair Removal
Facial hair removal may cause hyperpigmentation as the root area is affected due to the inappropriate hair removal technique. The excess of melanin production takes place due to the damage caused by hair removal. Usual and safe procedures of hair removal like waxing and threading don’t affect much but tweezing, or use of active and harmful products may leave your skin patchy for long.
The allergic reactions usually bring with it the inflammatory responses of the skin. The skin responds to these allergic reactions with the production of melanin to cope up the damage when the skin comes into contact with the reactive substances.
How to Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation?
Well, now if you know the reason behind it, you can work on the hyperpigmentation treatment
. There is a variation in the type of hyperpigmentation concerning the cause of the problem. There are ample of ways to deal with it, sort out what works better for you.
If the skin is not severely damaged, these home remedies can be followed:
- Aloe Vera cream/oil
- Increase your water intake to flush out the toxins
- Use raw potato juice
- Multani mitti pack can be applied. Mix it with rose water
- Cucumber juice massage
- Lemon juice or lime slice can be used on the affected skin
- Vinegar can be used with water
- Raw papaya juice works wonders as well
Though these home remedies are more accessible to follow and do have a positive effect but consulting a dermatologist should be the priority. There are ample of skin lightening creams, topical medicines, etc. that yield better results if suggested by a good dermatologist.
Also, the hyperpigmentation treatment can be done through Microdermabrasion that involves wearing off the layers of your skin. Having a delicate procedure, this should be done by a renowned and experienced dermatologist only as it may lead to skin bleeding or other related issues.
Rather than pondering how to get rid of hyperpigmentation later on, it’s better to take the precautionary measures. Primarily, the people prone to genetic hyperpigmentation issue must pay heed to this section of the article.
- Sunscreen is the savior for sure. It safeguards the skin from the ultraviolet rays.
- Use sunglasses and tan-avoiding clothes to escape the affects.
- Avoid any harmful product usage.
- Do not prick the pimples.
- Make-up products should be carefully chosen.
- Avoid scars, take good care of yourself.
- Choose the hair removal technique wisely.
It is better to take the precautions than to search out for how to get rid of hyperpigmentation later on. The harm done once can’t be undone. Also, if such problem exists, you must consult a dermatologist at the earliest.